Exploring Connectedness in Online Learning
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Education in Malaysia, Pandemic learning method, Online learning, Connectivism theory, Advantages of online learning, Disadvantages of online learning.

How to Cite

Don, M. A. M. ., Rosli, M. R. ., Senin, M. S. B. M. ., Ahmad, M. F. ., & Rahmat, N. H. . (2022). Exploring Connectedness in Online Learning. International Journal of Asian Social Science, 12(4), 135–146. https://doi.org/10.55493/5007.v12i4.4477


Online learning is meaning the delivery of individualized, comprehensive, dynamic learning content in real-time to aid the development of communities of knowledge as well as linking learners and practitioners with experts. In Malaysia, online learning is introduced during the movement control order where, many academic institutions were closed and shifted entirely to online. Thus, the paper explores connectedness in an online learning situation within the theory of connectivism and online learning. To obtain the data, a survey was done using a questionnaire as an instrument among 367 respondents. The data were analyzed with SPSS. Findings showed that connectivity during online learning is formed through three directions namely teachers, students, and peers or friends. It is suggested teachers who perform online learning classes apply to teach pedagogy such as synchronized and asynchronous sessions using various ICT technologies to ensure the connectivity among students and teachers is similar to face-to-face learning sessions.

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