This paper examines the role of indigenous communication systems in ensuring social security in Nigeria. It posits that the best approach to arrest social insecurity in Nigeria is to restore the cherished value system of the various ethnic nationalities that make up Nigeria. In doing this, emphasis should be on the use of a communication approach that has many things in common with the value system of the people. Hence, the choice of indigenous communication systems and among the different forms of these communication systems, the institutional form is unique in prosecuting a campaign for social change, including the one being examined. Thus, the role of endogenous institutional media like traditional rulers, age groups, masquerade institutions and religious institutions, among others, in achieving social security in Nigeria are examined.